A new infectious disease called Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (SFTS) caused by the tick-borne virus has killed seven and infected at around 60, official media here has reported on Wednesday, with a possibility of its human to human transmission.
As the world is still suffering from a global pandemic, Covid-19, China has been facing a new health threat. Most of the cases were reported in East China around the Jiangsu and Anhui provinces. 23 people were infected in Anhui and 37 people were diagnosed with SFTS in Jiangsu in the early days of 2020.
This is not the first time that this virus has infected people. It is said to be reborn where the disease is transferred to humans through tick-bites.
What is this Virus?
The SFTS virus belongs to the Bunyavirus family and is spread through tick bites. It was first reported around 2009 in rural areas of Hubei and Henan. This virus has killed already 30% of the infected as reported by Nature.
WHO has listed SFTS among the top priority disease blueprint on the basis of its spread and high fatality rate. This disease is said to spread between March and November with its peak time between April and July. Farmers, hunters, pet owners may be commonly vulnerable to this disease because of the contact with animals.
What are its symptoms?
The incubation period stands between 7 and 13 days . Patient usually develop a whole range of symptoms like fever, chill, headache, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, conjunctival congestion, lymphadenopathy, anorexia, myalgia, etc.
Some of its early symptoms include fever, low WBC count and low platelet count. In some serious cases, there might be a multi-organ failure, haemorrhagic manifestation and CNS symptoms found out by the Chinese virologist around 2011.
How can it be treated?
An antiviral drug named Ribavarin is said to be effective while a vaccine is yet to be developed. The general public has bee advised not to wear shorts while travelling through tall grasses as it has a possibility of being infected.
Written by Ompriya Sahoo
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