China Mars mission Tianwen-1: The spacecraft consisted of an orbiter, a lander and a rover, with the mission aiming to study the thickness and sub-layer distribution of Martian soil.
On July 23, Thursday, China launches a spacecraft to Mars, signalling a space race with the US. Whereas NASA is about to launch its rover on July 30. It has also been marked that the UAE has also launched one rover on Monday which aims to study the Martian atmosphere by orbital rotation. This has been the period of such launches as the alignment of Earth and Mars allowing a short journey.
The China mission
China’s first Mars probe is called Tianwen-1, which means “Questions to Heaven”. the spacecraft weighs about 5 Tonnes, launched on a Long March 5 rocket from Xichang, China. The scientific goals lie with studying the Martian topography and geology and determining the composition of surface material, climate and environment.
Tianwen-1 will reach the Red Planet’s orbit in February 2021. The rover will land on Mars in May. The orbiter uses high-resolution cameras to search for suitable landing sites somewhere in the Utopia Planitia region. It weighs around 250 kg and will carry cameras, subsurface radar, a spectrometer, a magnetometer and atmospheric sensors.
Written by Ompriya Sahoo
Image Source: Google