Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the firebrand personality freedom fighter and the most influential proponent of ‘purna swaraj’ and an ardent nationalist who helped lay the foundation for India’s independence by building his defiance of British rule into a national movement.
He was born on July 23, 1856, Ratnagiri (now in Maharashtra state), India and died on August 1, 1920, Bombay now (Mumbai). Today his 100th death anniversary is being observed.
British colonial rulers called Bal Gangadhar Tilak was the father of the Indian unrest. He was the part of the troika Lal-Bal-Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal).
Prime Minister Narendra Modi by paying his tribute to legend Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak said,” India bows to Lokmanya Tilak on his 100th Punya Tithi. His intellect, courage, sense of justice and idea of Swaraj continue to inspire.”
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a writer, mathematician, a scholar, and a philosopher as well as an ardent nationalist. His followers gave ‘Lokmanya‘ title, which means ‘beloved leader’.
The young Tilak educated at Deccan College in Poona (now Pune). In 1876, he earned bachelor’s degrees in mathematics and Sanskrit. Then he studied law and received his degree in 1879 from the University of Bombay (now Mumbai).
Tilak believes that English is the dominant force for the dissemination of liberal and democratic ideals in 1884 he founded the Deccan Education Society intending to educate common people in English.
KESARI and THE MAHRATTA – these two newspapers are founded and edited by Lokmanya Tilak. Kesari is in the Marathi language, and The Mahratta is in the English language. To criticise the colonial rulers, he used his pen as a weapon.
During years in prison at Mandalay in Myanmar, Lokmanya Tilak usually spent his time reading and writing. Analysing of the Karma Yoga of The Bhagavad Gita, he wrote the famous ‘Gita Rahasya’ book.
Jawaharlal Nehru called him the “father of Indian revolution”, while Mahatma Gandhi described Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak as “the maker of modern India”.
On the 100th death anniversary of this legend freedom fighter, we hope his soul may rest in peace and India will never forget such kind of dedication of yours for the country.
Article written by SOMANATH SAHU
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