Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the Ram Temple in Ayodhya on Wednesday. The long-running dispute came to an end last year when the Supreme Court asked the Union Government to hand over the controversial site for the construction of a temple.
Timeline of events include:
- A dispute during the British Empire – During the reigns of Nawab Wajid Shah of Awadh, Nirmohis, a Hindu sect, claimed of a destruction of a Hindu temple in order to build a mosque during Babur’s time. The first incident of religious violence took place in 1853. After a while of dispute going on, the British Administration erected a fence to divide the area between Hindu and the Muslims.
- Idols of Ram Lalla found inside Babri Mosque in 1949: Gopal Singh Visharad filed a petition before Faziabad court to workship Ram Janmbhoomi after the discovery of Ram Lalla’s idol inside the Babri Mosque. While Hashim Ansari approached the court filing a petition saying the idols should be removed and the mosque should remain a mosque.
- The suit filed to give the land back to Muslims, 1961: Mohammad Hashim filed a case pleading to give back the land which belongs to the Muslim community rightfully.
- Trails launched t build Ram Temple, 1980: Vishwa Hindu Parishad party formed a committee to build a temple to honour the birthplace of Lord Ram in Ayodhya.
- Mosque to be opened for Hindus as well, 1986: Ayodhya court ordered the gates to be opened for Hindu as well as Muslims to offer prayers, on a plea by Hari Shankar Dubey. THE Rajiv Gandhi government unlocked the gates following the orders.
- Foundation of Ram Temple, 1989: Vishwa Hindu Parishad laid the foundation of Ram Mandir next to the Babri Masjid. The vice-president of the Parishad filed a plea for shifting the Mosque elsewhere. Taking into consideration the rising number of dispute, the case was passed to the special bench of High Court.
- The Rath Yatra, 1990: The BJP President LK Advani organised a Rath Yatra from Gujarat to Ayodhya. The purpose behind this yatra was to support the Hindu religion and their culture by establishing the Ram temple. The procession included thousands of sanghis, kar sevaks, volunteers. It travelled for about 300 km a day with six public rallies. The procession intensified the riots which had been going on which further led to the arrest of the president Advani.
- The demolished mosque, 1992: The kar sevaks on December 6, 1992, demolished the Babri Mosque which provoked widespread communal riots. More than 2000 people lost their life.
- The disputed site was divided into three parts, 2010: Allahabad High Court divided the land into three parts based on the judgement of the four lawsuits filed against it. One-third part goes to Ram Lalla, one third to Islamic Waqf Board and the remaining to Nirmohi Akhara. In December, dissatisfied with the court orders the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasaha and Waqf board moved to Supreme Court in 2011.
- Subramanian Swamy files plea for construction of Ram Temple, 2016: On February 26, Subramanian Swamy filed a petition seeking the construction of Ram Temple in Supreme Court.
- Plea accepted for construction of Ram Temple, 2019: A five-judge bench of supreme court ordered the 2.44 acres of disputed land to be handed over to the trust for building Ram Janmabhoomi Temple. Sunni Waqf Board was also given an alternate five acres of land for construction of a Mosque.
- Foundation of the Ram Temple, 2020: On August 5, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation of the temple.
Written by Ompriya Sahoo.
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