The National Education Policy (NEP) has been renewed and accepted by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday. The Human Resource and Development ministry has also been renamed into Educational Ministry.
The Union Ministers – Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank dictated a single regulatory system for all higher education institutions and MPhil would be discontinued, multiple entry and exit options to be provided in the degree courses, common entrance exams for universities along with low stakes on board exams to be the main highlights of the policy.
Since the National Education Policy was framed around 1968, visualized around 1986 and revised in the year 1992, there was a certain change needed in the educational system.
Amit Khare, the Higher Educational Secretary said, ” E-courses will be developed in eight regional languages initially and virtual labs will be developed pretty soon.”
The certain key changes under the new Educational Policy include :
- National mission to focus mainly on basic literacy and basic numeracy.
- The current educational formula of 10+2 has been replaced by 5+3+3+4 formula.
- All the undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD courses will now be interdisciplinary with the discontinuation of the MPhil courses
- All higher educational institutions except medical and legal colleges will be governed by a single regulator
- Instead of “rote learning” students will be tested on the basis of their actual knowledge. Board exams in school will be low stakes.
- National Assessment Center PARAKH has been created to assist the students.
- E-courses will be developed in 8 regional languages, along with the development of virtual labs.
- Mother tongue, Home language or regional language will be the medium of instruction upto the preparatory class i.e Class 5.
- Integration of vocational education from Class 6, reducing school curriculum to core concepts. All separation between curricular, extracurricular, vocational as well as academic separations to be removed.
- There will be holistic and multidisciplinary education in terms of flexibility of subjects.
- Common entrance exams to be held for admission for higher education or any such universities. Common norms to be followed for the same.
- Fee structure to be reduced by educational institutions.
- Report cards will focus on the skills and capabilities of the individual rather than marks and statements.
- Children with disabilities will be enabled to fully participate in regular schooling. Hence, setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund and Special Educational Funds will be set up.
NEP hopes to improve enrollment ratio from 26.3% to 50% by 2035 with a plan of adding 35 million seats to higher educational institutes and also increase the education budget to 6% of GDP from 4%. It also paves a way for the best foreign universities to come to India as well as the top educational institutions to establish campus abroad.
Written by : Ompriya Sahoo
Image Source : Google