Today is the birth anniversary of Indira Gandhi, who was the first woman Prime Minister of India, born on 19th November 1917 in Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj. She was born to the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru and fore three times she served as the Prime Minister of India.
She served as India’s first female Prime Minister following the death of Lal Bahadur Sastri and retained the office for three separate phases between 1967 and 1971 first, then between 1971 and 1977, and finally between 1980 and 1984. Even till now also she is the only female Prime Minister in India and also the second longest-serving Indian prime minister after her father.
She is also known as the ‘Iron Lady of India’ who took many revolutionary judgments like the nationalization of banks and ending Privy Purse given to Royalty since 1947. Here are some of her achievements during her serving for PM in India.
1. Indira Gandhi helped in facilitating the Green Revolution as India has always been primarily an agricultural economy where most of the people are involved in rural agriculture. But post Independence the Indian leaders changed the focus to increase the production of food grains so that problems like hunger, poverty and unemployment will be solved. Procurements had been made in the Nehru and Shastri governments towards the enhanced generation of food grains through government policy, through the ‘Five-Year plans’.
2. After the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war and the liberation of Bangladesh, an agreement was signed between Indian and Pakistan at Shimla. This agreement was signed between then President of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi which flagged the way for the delicate perception of Bangladesh by Pakistan. With this agreement, both the parties agreed to resolve their disputes by nonviolent means and mutual understanding.
3. Under Indira Gandhi’s government India sent its first man, Rakesh Sharma into space which was the former Indian Air Force pilot. He was the first Indian to fly into space aboard Soyuz T-11. This was launched on 2nd April 1984, as part of the Interkosmos programme.
4. Under Indira Gandhi’s government, she nationalized 14 Private sector banks on 19th July 1969 through a means of an ordinance. The ordinance was known as Banking Companies or Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings ordinance. The Central Government now controlled Fourteen major commercial private banks because of this ordinance.
Her Sikh bodyguards assassinated Gandhi at her residence on Akbar Road on 31st October 1984. Her assassination came right after the operation of Bluestar, which was administered at Amritsar’s Golden Temple where Gandhi commanded the Indian Army to defy Sikh separatists who had taken shelter at the Golden Temple.
Article Written by Dikhya Mohanty
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