China announced that its population decreased for the first time in more than 60 years. India, which was anticipated to surpass China as the world’s most populous nation later this year, may have already done so in light of the news.The World Population Review (WPR) estimates that India will have 141.7 crore people by the end of 2022. According to official reports, that is just over 50 lakh more than the 141.2 crore figures China reported on January 17 when there was the first dip since the 1960s.
On the other hand, records from the National Statistics Bureau show that China’s population decreased by 850,000 in 2022 as compared to the previous year. According to the United Nations’ assessment, just eight nations—Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania—will account for more than half of the projected rise in the global population between 2022 and 2050.WPR predicts that although though India’s population growth has slowed, it will still climb until at least 2050.
In the upcoming years, India, a country with a population that is half under 30 years old, is predicted to have the world’s fastest-growing major economy.About 800 million people in India still rely on free food rations from the government, the largest programme of its kind in the world, despite the country’s tremendous economic growth prior to the Covid outbreak and its relatively successful recovery.The third-largest economy in Asia currently produces enough food on its own. In terms of producing rice, wheat, and sugar, it ranks second. In addition, it is the biggest importer of edible oils and the highest consumer of sugar.
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