Every year on 30th July, World Day against trafficking in persons is observed in where we signify to inflate awareness regarding human trafficking.
In 2013 the United Nations General Assembly decided that on 30th July the whole world will join hands and work against the human trafficking system and to focus on how to promote and protect the rights of all the victims of human trafficking.
Human trafficking numbers are also high in India where cases like child labour, exploitation of women and children, domestic harassment, and sexual exploitation have the highest cases.
In 2019, the National Crime Records Bureau submitted data where Kolkata and Mumbai had the maximum cases of human trafficking. Around 16 million women are the victims of sex trafficking in India per year. That includes around 40% of children and more than 70% of them are illiterate and family income very less.
This year the theme of World Day against Trafficking in persons converges on first responders to human trafficking. According to the UN, the first responders are those who operate in fields like comforting, supporting, counselling and striving for justice for the victims of trafficking. The first responders also include people who are working to summon the exception of traffickers.
Many NGOs are working to help to rehabilitate the victims, especially in the red light areas. They try to reach out to women and children who have suffered the most and even then men also get trapped into this.
It is difficult to rehabilitate the trafficking victims and taking them back to society both socially and legally. The organizations that work for this have certain equipped technology so that they work remotely. Even they tie up with other organizations and even with the government to conduct their work.
Apart from human and sex trafficking, even organ trafficking is high in numbers in India. In 2007 due to many cases of illegal organ trafficking, WHO termed India as a “commonly known organ-exporting country”. The organs from local donors were regularly transplanted to other countries through purchase and sale. The organ trade in India was banned through the Human Organ Transplantation Act of 1994.
The UN initiated “The Blue Heart Campaign” to promote global awareness to fight against human trafficking and to help the victims. The campaign aims to encourage the engagement of the governments, civil society, the corporate sector and individuals to inspire action and help prevent this atrocious crime.
Article Written by Dikhya Mohanty
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