On the Social Progress Index, Odisha ranks poorly, placing 32nd

by Subhechcha Ganguly
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According to the Social Progress Index (SPI) for States and Districts of India report, Odisha fared poorly on the SPI and earned the dubious honour of 32nd position among the states and union territories. On Tuesday, the Institute for Competitiveness and Social Progress Imperative published the Social Progress Index (SPI) for States and Districts report.

Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Well-Being, and Opportunity are the three key characteristics of social advancement that the index evaluates states and districts based on. The index makes use of a complex framework with 49 indicators at the district level and 89 indicators at the state level.States and districts have been categorised into six stages of social advancement based on their SPI scores. Tier 1 represents Very High Social Progress, Tier 2 represents High Social Progress, Tier 3 represents Upper Middle Social Progress, Tier 4 represents Lower Middle Social Progress, Tier 5 represents Low Social Progress, and Tier 6 represents Very Low Social Progress.

Due to its outstanding performance in areas like Personal Freedom and Choice, Shelter, and Water and Sanitation, Puducherry has the highest SPI score of 65.99 in the entire nation. Goa and Lakshadweep are closely behind it, scoring 65.89 and 65.53, respectively. Bihar and Jharkhand both had the lowest scores, 44.47 and 43.95, respectively.Odisha placed 32nd in the rankings with a score of 48.19 on the index. The state continued to rank fifth from the bottom in the Tier-V (Low Social Progress) category.

In terms of the Foundations of Wellbeing, Mizoram, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh, and Goa have shown to be the top-performing states. Punjab has the greatest component score in the dimension for the Access to Basic Knowledge component, with a score of 62.92, while Delhi has the highest component score in the dimension for Access to Information and Communication, with a score of 71.30. Rajasthan has the highest component score for health and wellness (73.74). Mizoram, Nagaland, and Meghalaya are the top three states for environmental quality in the northeast.

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